Anvendte kilder

Anvendte kilder
Arler, Finn: “Drivhuseffekt og global fordeling” i Arler, Finn (red.): Humanøkologi. Miljø, teknologi og samfund. Aalborg Universitetsforlag 2005.

Bach, Christian Friis, Thorsten Borring Olesen, Sune Kaur-Pedersen & Jan Pedersen: Idealer og realiteter. Dansk udviklingsbistands historie 1945-2005. Gyldendal 2008.

Cames, Martin: Long-term prospects of CDM and JI. Research Report 204 41 192. Environmental research of the federal ministry of the environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety 2007. (Tyskland) http://www.umweltdaten.de/publikationen/fpdf-l/3294.pdf

Capoor, Karan & Philippe Ambrosi: State and Trends of the Carbon Market 2008. The World Bank 2008. http://wbcarbonfinance.org/docs/State_Trends_FINAL.pdf

The Carbon Neutral Company: The CarbonNeutral® Protocol. A framework for effektive action on climate change. The Carbon Neutral Company 2007http://www.carbonneutral.com/uploadedfiles/TCNC%20Protocol%202008.pdf

The Climate, Community & Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA): Climate, Community and Biodiversity. Project Design Standards. Second Edition – December 2008. http://www.climate-standards.org/standards/pdf/ccb_standards_second_edition_december_2008.pdf

Climate Neutral Group: Annual Report 2007http://www.climateneutralgroup.com/Downloads/Communicatie/080829%20CNG%20Annual%20Report.pdf

Corner House: “Memorandum submitted by The Corner House” (januar 2007) i House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee: The Voluntary Carbon Offset Market. Sixth Report of Session 2006–07http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmselect/cmenvaud/331/331.pdf

Dornau, Robert: “Defending the Integrity of the CDM” i Carnahan, Kim (red.): Greenhouse Gas Market Report 2008. Piecing Together a Comprehensive International Agreement for a Truly Global Carbon Market. International Emissions Trading Association 2008. http://www.ieta.org/ieta/www/pages/download.php?docID=3118 [linket er nede p.t.]

Dutschke, Michael: Permanence of CDM forests or non-permanence of land use related carbon credits? HWWA Discussion Paper 134. HWWA – Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung-Hamburg 2001. http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/26399/1/dp010134.pdf

Dutschke, Michael & Arild Angelsen: “How do we ensure permanence and assign liability?” i Angelsen, Arild (red.): Moving Ahead with REDD. Issues, Options and Implications. Center for International Forestry Research 2008. http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/publications/pdf_files/Books/BAngelsen0801.pdf

EcoBusinessLinks: Carbon Offset Flight Calculator Analysis, februar 2009. http://www.ecobusinesslinks.com/carbon-emissions-test-flying.htm

Elgie, Steward, m.fl.: Credit Check: A Comparative Evaluation of Tree-Planting and Fossil-Fuel Emission Reduction Offsets. David Suzuki Foundation 2008. http://www.davidsuzuki.org/files/reports/Credit_Check_080701.pdf

Ellerman, A. Denny & Paul L. Joskow: The European Union’s Emissions Trading System in perspective. Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, maj 2008. http://www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/EU-ETS-In-Perspective-Report.pdf

Ellis, Jane & Sami Kamel: Overcoming barriers to clean development mechanism projects. OECD, IEA & UNEP Risø Centre, maj 2007. http://www.cd4cdm.org/Publications/OvercomingBarriersCDMprojects.pdf

Eraker, Harald: CO2lonialism – Norwegian Tree Plantations, Carbon Credits and Land Conflicts in Uganda. NorWatch, The Future in Our Hands, april 2000. www.norwatch.no/download-document/19-co2lonialism.html [linket er nede p.t.]

Erion, Graham: Low Hanging Fruit Always Rots First: Observations from South Africa’s Crony Carbon Market. Center for Civil Society, University of KwaZulu-Natal oktober 2005. (Sydafrika) http://www.carbontradewatch.org/pubs/CDMsouthafrica.pdf

Ernsting, Almuth & Deepak Rughani: Climate Geo-engineering with ‘Carbon Negative’ Bioenergy. Climate saviour or climate endgame? Biofuelwatch december 2008. http://www.biofuelwatch.org.uk/docs/cnbe/climate_geoengineering_web221208.pdf

Den Europæiske Unions Tidende 5. juni 2009: “EUROPA-PARLAMENTETS OG RÅDETS DIREKTIV 2009/29/EF af 23. april 2009 om ændring af direktiv 2003/87/EF med henblik på at forbedre og udvide ordningen for handel med kvoter for drivhusgasemissioner i Fællesskabet”. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0063:0087:DA:PDF

Fischer, Carolyn: Project-Based Mechanisms for Emissions Reductions. Balancing Trade-Offs with Baselines. Resources for the Future 2004. http://www.rff.org/Documents/RFF-DP-04-32.pdf

Glaser, Bruno, Johannes Lehmann & Wolfgang Zech: “Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal – a review”. Biol Fertil Soils (2002). http://www.dcm.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/file/0012/43140/14b.pdf

The Gold Standard: Manual for CDM project developers, version 3, maj 2006, http://www.cdmgoldstandard.org/fileadmin/editors/files/6_GS_technical_docs/GSv1/DeveloperManual_GS-CER.pdf

The Gold Standard: Validation & Verification Manual for CDM Projects, december 2006. http://www.cdmgoldstandard.org/fileadmin/editors/files/6_GS_technical_docs/manuals_and_methodolgies/GS%20VVM%20CER.pdf

The Gold Standard: The Gold Standard Version 2.1: Toolkit 2.0, juli 2008. http://www.cdmgoldstandard.org/fileadmin/editors/files/6_GS_technical_docs/GSv2.1/GSv2.1_Toolkit.pdf

Grubb, Michael with Christiaan Vrolijk & Duncan Brack: The Kyoto Protocol: A Guide and Assessment. Royal Institute for International Affairs 1999.

Haites, Erik & Farhana Yamin: “The clean development mechanism: proposals for its operation and governance” i Global Environmental Change 10 (2000).

Hansen, Lars Bo, Maria Hansen, Torsten Hvidt, Julie Louise Knudsen & Pernille Mau: Klima på den strategiske agenda i danske virksomheder. Børsens Forlag 2009.

Haya, Barbara: “Failed mechanism: How the CDM is subsidizing hydro developers and harming the Kyoto Protocol” i International Rivers, november 2007. Berkeley CA. http://www.internationalrivers.org/files/Failed_Mechanism_3.pdf

Hinostroza, Miriam, Chia-Chin Cheng, Xianli Zhu & Jørgen Fenhann with Christiana Figueres & Francisco Avendaño: Potentials and barriers for end-use energy efficiency under programmatic CDM. Working Paper No. 3, CD4CDM, UNEP & UNEP Risø Center, september 2007. http://www.cd4cdm.org/Publications/pCDM&EE.pdf

Kollmuss, Anja, Helge Zink & Clifford Polycarp: Making Sense of the Voluntary Carbon Market. A Comparison of Carbon Offset Standards. WWF Germany, Stockholm Environment Institute & Tricorona 2008. http://www.global-greenhouse-warming.com/support-files/wwf_standcomp.pdf

Leguet, Benoît & Ghada Elabed: “A reformed CDM to increase supply: Room for action” i Olsen (se denne).

Lehmann, Johannes: “Bioenergy in the black” i Front Ecol Environ (2007). www.css.cornell.edu/faculty/lehmann/publ/FrontiersEcolEnv%205,%20381-387,%202007%20Lehmann.pdf

Lehmann, Johannes & Stephen Joseph: Biochar for Environmental Management. Science and Technology. Earthscan 2009.

Lohmann, Larry: Carbon Trading – a critical conversation on climate change, privatisation and power. Development Dialogue no. 48, september 2006. Corner House 2006. http://www.thecornerhouse.org.uk/pdf/document/carbonDDlow.pdf

Metz, Bert, Ogunlade Davidson, Heleen de Coninck, Manuela Loos & Leo Meyer (red.): IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change & Cambridge University Press 2005. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/special-reports/srccs/srccs_wholereport.pdf

Michaelowa, Axel: “Determination of baselines and additionality for the CDM: a crucial element of credibility of the climate regime” i Yamin (se denne).

Michaelowa, Axel & Pallav Purohit: Additionality determination of Indian CDM projects. Can Indian CDM project developers outwit the CDM Executive Board? University of Zurich 2007. http://www.noe21.org/docs/Michaelowa-teripress-2007

Olsen, Karen Holm & Jørgen Fenhann (red.): A Reformed CDM – including new Mechanisms for Sustainable Development. CD4CDM Perspectives Series. UNEP Risø Centre 2008. http://www.cd4cdm.org/Publications/Perspectives/ReformedCDM.pdf

Palm, Anya: “Dansk teknologi sparer CO2 i Malaysia” i Norenergi: Energi & Økonomi. Markedsrapport nr. 1, februar 2009. http://www.norenergi.dk/download.php?4c1d7b8ce99de08d7856ce2a646e17ce [linket er nede p.t.]

Pedersen, Poul: CDM uden bæredygtighed. Et HFC23-projekt i Kina med dansk deltagelse. Greenpeace, marts 2008. http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/denmark/press/rapporter-og-dokumenter/cdm-uden-baeredygtighed-et-hf.pdf

Philibert, Cédric, Jane Ellis & Jacek Podkanski: Carbon Capture and Storage in the CDM. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development & International Energy Agency, december 2007. http://www.iea.org/textbase/papers/2007/CCS_in_CDM.pdf

Plan Vivo: The Plan Vivo System and Standards. Plan Vivo, februar 2008. http://www.planvivo.org/content/fx.planvivo/resources/Plan%20Vivo%20System%20and%20Standards%20-%20Consultation2.pdf

Point Carbon: CDM project types: Which ones will survive after 2012. Point Carbon 10. juni 2009. Katagoriseringen af de forskellige projekttyper er i øvrigt offentliggjort på http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_537c9bd40100ep6u.html

Retsinformation: “LOV nr. 1389 af 21/12/2005 (Lov om markedsføring)”. https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=31600.

Rochon, Emily: False Hope. Why carbon capture and storage won’t save the climate. Greenpeace 2008. http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/international/press/reports/false-hope.pdf

Rogner, Hans-Holger: Nuclear Power for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation under the Kyoto Protocol: The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). International Atomic Energy Agency, november 2000. http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Booklets/GreenhouseGas/greenhousegas.pdf

Schneider, Lambert: Is the CDM fulfilling its environmental and sustainable development objectives? An evaluation of the CDM and options for improvement. Report prepared for WWF. Öko-Institut e.V., Berlin 5. november 2007. http://assets.panda.org/downloads/oeko_institut__2007____is_the_cdm_fulfilling_its_environmental_and_sustainable_developme.pdf

Smith, Kevin: The Carbon Neutral Myth. Offset Indulgences for your Climate Sins. Transnational Institute & Carbon Trade Watch 2007. http://www.carbontradewatch.org/pubs/carbon_neutral_myth.pdf

Solomon, Susan, Dahe Qin, Martin Manning, Zhenlin Chen, Melinda Marquis, Kristen Averyt, Melinda M.B. Tignor & Henry LeRoy Miller, Jr. (red.): Climate Change 2007. The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press 2007. http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_fourth_assessment_report_wg1_report_the_physical_science_basis.htm Stehr, Hans Jürgen: “Does the CDM need an institutional reform?” i Olsen (se denne).

Tenenbaum, David J.: “Biochar: Carbon Mitigation from the Ground Up” i Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 117 – nr. 2, februar 2009. http://www.ehponline.org/members/2009/117-2/EHP117pa70PDF.PDF

Udenrigsministeriet: Strategi for Danmarks statslige JI- og CDM-indsats. Udenrigsministeriet 19. februar 2007. http://www.um.dk/NR/rdonlyres/A7857D21-F2CC-4C05-99E5-5631669910BF/0/JIogCDMstrategiFINAL.doc

UNFCCC: Combined tool to identify the baseline scenario and demonstrate additionality. Version 02.2, 26. august 2008. http://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/Tools/meth_tool02.pdf

UNFCCC: Tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality. Version 05.2, 26, august 2008. http://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/PAmethodologies/AdditionalityTools/Additionality_tool.pdf

UNFCCC: Negotiating text. Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention. Sixth session, Bonn, 1-12 June 2009. http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/awglca6/eng/08.pdf

VCS Association: Voluntary Carbon Standard 2007.1, 18. november 2008. http://www.v-c-s.org/docs/Voluntary%20Carbon%20Standard%202007_1.pdf

Victor, David G.: The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol and the Struggle to Slow Global Warming. Princeton University Press 2001.

van Vliet, O. P. R., C. Faaij & C. Dieperink: “Forestry Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism. Modelling of the Uncertainties in Carbon Mitigation and Related Costs of Plantation Forestry Projects” i Climatic Change 61, 2003.

Wara, Michael W. & and David G. Victor: A Realistic Policy on International Carbon Offsets. Program on Energy and Sustainable Development, Working Paper #74. Stanford Law School, april 2008. http://iis-db.stanford.edu/pubs/22157/WP74_final_final.pdf

World Resources Institute & World Business Council for Sustainable Development: The GHG Protocol for Project Accounting, november 2005. http://pdf.wri.org/ghg_project_accounting.pdf

Yamin, Farhana (red.): Climate change and carbon markets. A Handbook of Emission Reduction Mechanisms. Earthscan 2005.